The Cycling Gender Gap

This research project aims to measure the evolution of the gender gap between female and male cyclists and bike lane users in Barcelona. Data collected in 2018 showed the gender gap among cyclists in Barcelona to be 2:1 or 2 male cyclists for every female cyclist (Lind et al 2021). Furthermore, this gap was extraordinarily stable across the five sites studied. However, the sites were relatively similar, as they were all located in the Eixample grid. Gender differences may vary by street design, vehicular traffic or other conditions. 

Characterizing the gender gap among bike lane users is a first order question for mobility justice. In cities with lower biking rates in the Global North, as many as two-thirds of commuter cyclists are male. Furthermore, understanding the barriers to cycling for women may help reduce this gap and help make cities more equitable and fair.   

This research project will review gender differences among bike lane users in 2021 in Barcelona, Spain. In addition to cyclists, we will look at gender differences among bike share users, electric scooters, micro mobility users, and cycle food delivery. The underlying aim of this project will also be to explore the obstacles that prevent women from cycling and propose strategies to narrow the gender gap. 

We aim to answer questions such as: What is the gender gap among cyclists in Barcelona in 2021? What is the gap and trend for micro-mobility devices? What is the gap and trend for bike share users? How does the gender gap vary by cycle lane design or street design?